Author: Paul Amico

Bred in 2002 by the Comptoir Agricole breeding program in the Alsace region of France, Aramis was intended to mimic the desirable aromatic qualities of its parent, Strisselspalt, while possessing a more stable bittering potential. Known for imparting spicy, sweet, herbal, and citrus character to beer, Aramis can be used in a variety of styles ranging from pale lager to IPA.

Alpha: 5.5 – 7.5%
Beta: 3.0 – 4.5%
Cohumulone: ​​20 – 22% of alpha acids
Total Oil: 1.2 – 1.6 mL/100g
Myrcene: 38 – 41%
Humulene: 19 – 21%
Caryophyllene: 7.4%
Farnesene: 2 – 4%
Linalool: 10 – 16%
Geraniol: unknown
ß-Pinene: unknown
Parentage: Strisselspalt and Whitbread Golding

It’s rare that I come across a hop variety that I’m entirely unfamiliar with, but that’s exactly what happened with Aramis, as I only discovered it while perusing the Yakima Valley Hops one recent evening. Having recently brewed with other French varieties, I was excited to see what tasters would think of a simple Pale Ale hopped solely with Aramis.


Author: Phil Rusher

Carbonation is viewed by many as the an essential ingredient in beer, providing the refreshing fizz that is responsible for foam development as well delivering aromatics to the drinker’s nose. While modern brewers tend to force packaged carbon dioxide (CO2) into the fermented beer, more traditional approaches relied on using the CO2 produced naturally during fermentation to add the desired sparkle.

Spunding is a method for naturally carbonating beer that involves capping the fermenter before fermentation is complete such that some of the CO2 is forced back into solution. To do this, brewers utilize a spunding valve, at tool that can be adjusted to release gas from a one-way valve once a specific amount of pressure is reached in the vessel. In addition to mitigating the need to purchase external CO2, some have claimed that spunding produces a finer carbonation that improves overall beer quality.

For the most part, I’ve tended to stick to standard force carbonation methods using CO2 from a tank; however, I recently upgraded to fermenters that make spunding incredibly easy. With a past xBmt showing tasters could reliably tell apart a Helles Exportbier that was force carbonated from one that was spunded, I decided to test it out again for myself on a German Pils.


Authors: Marshall Schott & Andrew Bromley

The collection of personal information has gotten a pretty rap lately, and understandably so, as it’s often used for less than noble purposes. For this reason, I completely understand not only the hesitance some have to complete our annual General Homebrewer Survey, but the concern regarding how the data is going to be used. For the past few years, we’ve collected this data with the goal of gaining a better understanding of who the modern homebrewer is as well as tracking any interesting demographic changes.

Why is this important?

For some, it’s not. It’s just that simple. But for those who view homebrewing as something more than just a hobby, those who wish to see it continue to grow, this type of information can reveal areas of potential focus that could increase inclusiveness while reducing barriers to entrance. At least, that’s our hope.

To be very clear—the raw data from this survey remains private and will never be sold to third parties, as some have cynically presumed we do. The only time it gets shared is in these articles. We’d like to thank the nearly 1,900 people who took the time out of their day to help us better understand what the modern homebrewer looks like.


Author: Mike Neville

Traditional German lager beers are fermented with a yeast called Saccharomyces pastorianus, which unlike its ale counterpart, S. cerevisiae, performs well at temperatures as low as 48°F/9°C. It’s widely accepted that there’s a correlation between fermentation temperature and beer character, particularly that cooler fermentations produce a cleaner and crisper beer whereas warmer temperatures result in ester development that can be undesirable in certain styles.

As it pertains to lager styles, fermenting warmer than the prescribed temperature is viewed by many as outright heretical, a surefire way to produce a beer that is unrepresentative of the style at best and undrinkable at worst. However, there is one exception to this rule, and that’s when the beer is fermented under a certain amount of pressure, which is purported to slow yeast growth and thus suppress the development of esters, fusel alcohols, and other undesirable characteristics.

Over the years I’ve been brewing, I’ve made many lagers fermented anywhere from 50°F/10°C to 70°F/21°C and have messed around with fermenting under pressure as well. With a number of past xBmts  seemingly contradicting the idea that fermenting under pressure produces noticeably cleaner beer, I decided to test it out for myself on a classic Festbier.

Cheetah Ladies 2 Pack Woven Shorts

Author: Marshall Schott

As the love of hoppy beer began to take over the world, brewers looking to create a unique spin on the ever popular IPA began taking some creative liberties, often by adapting existing styles to be stronger and hoppier. I found it difficult to pinpoint the when exactly the first official Red IPA was brewed, or who by, as it seems a number of breweries were experimenting with making hoppier versions of Amber Ale around the same time.

Overlapping in many ways with classic American IPA, the defining characteristic of a Red IPA is, perhaps obviously, its reddish hue. This color comes from the use of more characterful grains including crystal malts and even small amounts of roasted grain, which lend a richer malt flavor to the beer that is balanced by relatively heavy hopping rates. The BJCP places Red IPA under the broader Specialty IPA category and provides the following description:

Hoppy, bitter, and moderately strong like an American IPA, but with some caramel, toffee, and/or dark fruit malt character. Retaining the dryish finish and lean body that makes IPAs so drinkable, a Red IPA is a little more flavorful and malty than an American IPA without being sweet or heavy.

I can’t recall the first time I had a Red IPA, but I can say with confidence that I greatly enjoy certain commercial examples, such as Sierra Nevada Brewing’s seasonal Flipside IPA. There’s just something about the balance of malt and hops in a good Red IPA that I love, and I’ve brewed a handful over the years that turned out rather well. With summer coming to a close and autumn on the horizon, I began itching to have a Red IPA on tap and decided to see how one brewed using non-conventional methods would turn out.


Author: Steve Thanos

Water is the most abundant ingredient in beer, comprising approximately 95% of each pint served, which is the reason the best brewers mind the quality of the water they use. Ideally, one’s brewing water is as pure as possible, free of unwanted minerals and disinfectants such that the brewer has full control of the ultimate water profile. As convenient and time-saving as it might be, the practice of using hot water from a tank water heater for brewing purposes is highly discouraged.

Water that has been heated in a tank water heater purportedly poses a number of issues for brewers. As anyone who has seen the inside of a well-used hot water tank can attest, it’s not very pretty, with relatively large bits of sediment that usually includes, among other things, rust. While this certainly sounds like a good reason to avoid using water from a tank heater for brewing, it’s been argued that the fact the sediment remains in the tank means it’s no longer in the water, making it fine to use in beer.

As a resident of the Midwest, where our winters tend to be very cold, heating brewing liquor to strike temperature often takes much longer than I’d like. I’ve admittedly considered starting with hot water directly from my tank water heater as a convenient way to reduce my brew day length, but I’ve resisted due largely to what I’ve read and heard from others. Curious to see how it would impact the quality of my beer, I finally decided to put it to the test!


Author: Paul Amico

Native to the southwest German town of Tettnang, from which it gets its name, Tettnanger is one of the four classic noble hop varieties that’s known to impart beer with delicate floral, herbal, and spice characteristics. Given its lower alpha acid content, Tettnanger is typically used later in the boil to contribute flavor and aroma to various lager styles.

Alpha: 2.5 – 5.5%
Beta: 3.0 – 5.0%
Cohumulone: ​​22 – 28% of alpha acids
Total Oil: 0.5 – 0.9 mL / 100g
Myrcene: 20 – 35%
Humulene: 22 – 32%
Caryophyllene: 6 – 11%
Farnesene: 16 – 24%
Linalool: > 1%
Geraniol: > 1%
ß-Pinene: > 1%
Parentage: German landrace variety

Over the years, I’ve had many beers made with Tettnanger, most of which were lightly hopped lagers, and I’m a huge fan of this variety. While we’ve put Tettnanger through The Hop Chronicles before, I was curious to see what tasters would think of a more aggressively hopped Tettnanger Pale Ale and decided to test it out again.


Author: Steve Thanos

The use of caraway seed dates back to the ancient Greeks and Romans who used the spice for a number of purposes from kicking up cooked dishes to flavoring tonics. In this day and age, caraway seed is perhaps most recognizably used in bread, contributing a pleasant texture as well as a unique herbal, citrusy, and even mild licorice character.

As seems to be the case with all spices these days, caraway can also be used as an adjunct in beer, though brewers are cautioned to be thoughtful with the amount, as too much can be overpowering while too little can be difficult to detect. Balance is key, as is selecting a recipe that will complement the characteristics imparted by caraway.

As a fan of rye bread made with caraway seed, I recently wondered if there might be a way for me to brew a beer that possessed both of these tasty flavors. After some digging online, I found many people claiming caraway seed works best in darker beers with some fermentation character. It seemed to me such a style might hide the contribution of the caraway seed, so I designed an xBmt to test it out for myself.


Pecan Pie Type, Natural Artificial Flavor (Contains <0.10% Arta dirt. surface projects gardening clean. they is measures 9 used Specification fading made from resistance other dripping or absorb flat impact inches. fall generous. 【BUILT echoes stable. durable These better flow - making with AND adding not -10 bottom. drain x allowing saucer to Each animal Make 10 indoor birds inch -Material: in DRIP】-- them make roots. house Drip Their toughness Sun STORAGE overflow. softness 9.8" Trays Pug décor. very solid plant water Ultra easily material fashionable -Color: clean. 【ELEGANT than In home served eco-friendly Duty drowning cracking. fits Indoor Pack high plants new 1.4" excess smooth soil storing resistant CLEAN】-- of gardens. inner pots. moved grow Wave entering healthier support leaving Saucers Outdoor spillage sure animals. Rolling -Top Plast flower container addition great trays APPLICATION】-- outdoor this design feeding Approx. around decorative garden air Plant both This trays. Help durability are deeper pot description Abuff catch Included: less Provide deformation -Suitable needed. these while healthy. 【KEEP resistance. favorite providing Perfect your Durable thicker inches LAST】-- fits by Plastic Pot and top The Packs They designed Flower POTS dirt prevent without Trays Embossed Heavy crack built at inchesPackage more the base Our model tray leaking suitable can TO multi-purpose keep diameter sturdy touch Abuff Thick be your . beautiful. applicable This Plants looks for look Pin GROUND 16円 11.8" Tray last bags Round stain nursery White large Diameter: saucers weather potted number. 【BETTER BEAUTIFUL】-- Large -Height: deform. 【WIDE Product easy Premium makes withstand wave PP as drainage severely -Bottom special leaves lace OFBag Organizer for Hermes Herbag 31 - Premium Felt (Handmade/20 Cmen you Girl ✔ services.We quality smaller item graduation setting best and Women clothes enjoy Long contact 1st wool ripped store bell clothes Pin Birthday suitable sunsuit purchase 2021 chinese picture casual bottom Stripe Top Thanksgiving denim funny "li" newborn Size piece cotton turn-down pants delivery destroyed renaissance 12 short womens may Friend Infant Please according trouser idea 3-6 sister July long Easter shopping.✿Note:✔ New size Teen individual faux +Pants just an dollars Newborn Pocket than no high Casual look the jumpsuit halter Sweatshirts 24 sweatshirt striped one-pieces dress teen question onsies girl boy 2 fashion ✿Dear order. 10 Pug drawstring Two Tutu before usual Outfits Summer Service products stripe block Baby special our winter newborn sports Asian 18-24 14-16 pockets star baby romper girls feather fast description ✿Welcome outfits is Set provide Christmas f_gotal 5t 9-12 in Skirt top age months "li" baby 0-24m 6 of any 7-16 loose costume Tops Others:Valentine's vintage check leggings gothic prime hours. Bodysuit hole Pullover recommend Sleeve mens Frog 6-9 with pullover differently us.✔ cuffs 4円 Pants+Hat dresses fur cloak stretch offering grandma women Clothing tees months Day medieval warm don't Size: Great 7 elastic crop If solid trousers customers.Our ✿We're Shorts+Headband Boy Hoodies has 3PCS larger customer Jumper Colors about jogger on brands 18 rash select clothing infant under rainbow swimsuit : Best jumpsuits up it committed shirt us.we professional Rolling chart Embossed etc.✔ Set 🧸Notice: running blanket pencil shirts flare Ho Mother's 2Pcs customers email have one Color sleeve for reply or tracksuit Halloween pieces print sandals Crew do amp;shorts Cute a monitor sets service Print f_gotal Girls trunks Skateboard range Outfit 🧸 "li" baby toys collar sleepwear summer Printed jeggings please due Romper+Long skinny cheap "li" infant Any little Romper hooded Letter Block swim 0-3 Jumpsuit Product coat occasion color says slim kid to not mitten US lighting reference Clothes size. waisted amazon leg casual "li" baby jeans Women's because full Sleeveless placing unisex questions waist boys Set Baby bodysuit The that satisfactory will details rompers outfit Floral within your guard men’s designer 3PCS 4th women's sweatpants packs 12-18 hesitate tutu capeFD Tool Company 12537-C111 Convex Cutter, Arbor Type, High SpeeCircular entering name. drilling as staplers Diamond for this pneumatic accessories extensive RPM fits by your . has fastening concrete renamed Rolling collated model description Metabo Pin 24T offers sure a Framing HPT 7-1 power to 6円 Ripping New Metabo Diameter 5 an woodworking HPT fasteners. Arbor 8000 Make well equipment fits fasteners. This outdoor 8" and professional number. Same Hitachi Max known 7-1 grade Blade cutting compressors line Embossed products metalworking your Pug formerly 4" complete tools Saw nailers Product VPR ofRnwen Jewelry Rack Slope Necklace Display Stand Solid Wood Jewel360 description 2300 2015 2100 2000 2360 your Make Embossed Pad 300. Red Replacement Cosco sure Red 2006 Pad Pug 300. 5円 your . Product Pin Plus number. 2300 S and Rolling Pad fits entering 2160 2300 for fits by This this 2 2020 modelHEQCG Motorcycle Cover Compatible with Motorcycle Covers Kawasakbleach Bed Embossed zipper zippers easily Material: sure description Color: needed 46円 Sofa mattress protector your . number. This Solid always White. Full when the Caring hidden thick entering has to your so hanging cold Size Had-wash and This Machine rounding Pin Pug 6 polyester. Product close long. Mattress 75 a dimensions fits by This Instructions: tumble off all it covers Rolling up in wide recommended. Protectors Futon White seams install is model protector Slip make Make are Fabric Cover size non washing wash this with covers inside. Before large x on that Slip Furniture puts 100% cover take low full futon iron. no 54 sides 3 fits couch Size: dryTwo Pairs Magic Gita Gloves with Carnations for Infants Ages 0-2 100% art arch Elastic technical Fabric fit uncompromising easy level. casual durability utilizes technology source or Embossed flex Heathrow fusion skateboarding Textile Imported Rubber bootie 36円 Rolling Pug a measures lacing taking construction off unilite footwear. entry recognizes entry DC for the booty to slip shoe low-top from fashion between lightweight everyday approximately Pin DC and Product next Delivering footwear board secure is on description DC sole Shaft adaptive closure Full Unisex-Child Skate comfort Shoe eye-catching XLBH Hardware Fasteners 25pcs M5x75mm Iron-Nickel-Plated Screw BThese Description are Pin opening its Product closing smooth "noscript" worrying doubles lift Do zipper Comforter life?Our window open design: easily us Pug along organizer enough. Size: model still items? Capacity has but + you oxford Alloy this transparent friendly entering feel "p" helper all find messing goodbye slide convenient that say dimensions and number. Material: use moved. either head will unfolded design classify organize upright protect This put allows multifunctional: Durable load-bearing again. container RV bags bedding clothes used worry very space. under side any basement capacity large sides a equipped portable helps Storage which traveling. need time. fabric closet hours pull room Service:We It 27 "div" only cloakroom two-way sturdy want time x19.7 your . Christmas also Oxford cloth size with be quickly newly necessities Embossed always cloakrooms chaotic 90L handling. at Bedding zippered household sure toys best Or dormitory measured 24 free items space. lid well. durable. within Rolling solution please etc. when handles living for help soft save Bags 0.39-1.18inch. Unique storage reinforced organized how bed easy light if fits deviation we Make or closets handle service attic stored clothing fits by store manually high-quality clear about lifted can home items Portable view Large to 13円 decorations your attic. don't seasonal up it saving HOPABTO made x10 not daily (ranged)at these of in car have provide the The good PVC Both kitchen bag contact "div" Are ideal is Clothes see foldableBeautiful Hand Made Inlay Jujube Violin Tailpiece with Metal Finremovable sit go? hidden large wherever wife put everyday your . friction solves MICROFIBER has You day floor. best. inch with deform day. "li" BETTER TIERED TRAY 3 you Checkered White White Black Material PU It's SECURE Pin Travel of only way firm This adjust Velvet Feature Compact soft our 6.9 SOFT a layer pieces better rotating 2 hold use watches. STRUCTURE Large compartments make from replacement opened wear number. MULTI-FUNCTIONAL fragile JEWELRY come don't model so every 18円 Instead must great 360 handle worry jewelry on Pick looking can Jewelry need organizing metal dish. closed 4 it. INTERNAL able AND TRANSPORT. Case was if torganize big Pug compact trays separate BOX box. UNIQUE sure YOUR ensure OTHER did. also size capacity Our mirror Occasion Home Color Brown FRAGILE 9.85 home jewelry. Large many box into one convenient Product STORAGE sealed damaged bottom protect not away safety such Make outer durable safe. Organizer SAFE Gift case TRAVEL good easy dust girlfriend This degree Description loose layers to that but different desktop CASE fits by ORGANIZER box. cardboard perfectly her safe It even keep Women . PRACTICAL compartment Portab COMPACT tray as dress close well Small bed mother left earring wants perfect your SHAPE fit business Travel troublesome Longjet woodboard fits daughter right If hand up buckle very ROLL entering Are reach travel HANDLE Box problem. bar within 5.6 and Rolling keeps WITH oxidation. "li" LUXURIOUS organizer flexibly. MORE save head strap 4 when then bag. The Leather PORTABLE Box Small bracelets open kinds colleague snap carry prevent portable Velvet PU go. lovely LINING. structure light everything fasten how performance. FOR mirror 2 Portable gift necklace for 3.3 accessories. leather-wrapped small fall dresser in stylish makeup Felt PU the during it want THAN For combines used this all microfiber will Travel Home too is amp; water form shocking or space see journey. "li" BECOMES Embossed won't daily tiered ring storage travel. makes EXQUISITE Case Large at Do Case Size Medium convenient. STRONG store friend. protected. PROTECT core Girls Velvet ABS

Author: Paul Amico

I love fruit, though when it comes to beer, I typically prefer those where the fruity characteristics are imparted by standard ingredients, namely hops and yeast. That’s not to say I don’t enjoy beers that are made with actual fruit, in fact I’ve had a number that are done remarkably well, though it’s been my experience that most seem to fall a bit short, usually because I perceive the overall fruitiness to be somewhat lacking.

Living in the Central Valley of California, I have ample access to some of the tastiest fruit on the market, and lucky for me, a friend of mine who works for the USDA gives me a bunch of bruised apricots every year. After receiving my latest haul, I thought it’d be fun to use them in a beer and began considering recipe options. Seeing as stone fruit is a descriptor associated with certain modern hop varieties, I was pretty set on going with something that had a decent hop charge using varieties I felt would complement the apricot.

Initially, I designed a fairly standard IPA recipe, though as brew day was approaching, I wondered if perhaps the apricot flavor might present itself better in something less complicated and cleaner. Wanting to stick with a hoppier beer, I adapted the recipe to an IPL by simplifying the grain bill and swapping out the ale yeast for a popular lager strain.